A migraine headache is a primary headache disorder that affects around 15% of the population. Migraine has a tendency to recur in an individual and is become mild to severe if left untreated. Migraine can be one sided, throbbing, and aggravated by normal physical activity. Migraine can be associated with sound, light, and smell sensitivity and many patients will become nauseated with it. An early stage of migraine is known as aura, in which patients suffers with visual and sensory changes, before, during or after the headache. Aura is known as a warning sign of having migraine in future.
Women has nauseated with migraine about three times more frequently than in men. The duration of migraine can last from five hours to three days. Migraine is associated with the changes in the brain as well as to genetic causes. Patients with migraines have a tendency to be affected by certain migraine triggers, such as
- Hormonal changes in women
- Food such as salty food, aged cheese
- Fasting or skipping meal
- Food additives such as monosodium glutamate
- Drinks such as alcohol, red wine, caffeine
- Sensory stimuli
- Changes in sleep pattern or environment
A migraine begins in the mid brain area of the brain, known as “pain center”. The hyperactive nerve cells send out impulses to the blood vessels which leads the dilation of these vessels and the release of serotonin, prostaglandins, and other inflammatory substance that cause the pulsation painful. Certain brain cells that use serotonin as a messenger are associated with controlling attention, mood, pain and sleep. Thus, chronic changes in serotonin develop panic disorder, depression, and anxiety in people.
Symptomatic relief medication is used to provide relieve with migraine. Over the counter medication is effective in dealing with migraine. All the treatment medication should be used under the guidance of a doctor. Regular exercise is also helps in preventing migraine.
The Right Bite Craniofacial Pain Center, Bangalore is a best center for migraine Treatment in Banglore. The center has a team of qualified and experienced doctors to treat the problems related to headache.